People often conflate AI with machine learning, but there are key differences
Two of the biggest trends in technology right now are machine learning and artificial intelligence. In fact, the two terms are used almost interchangeably. However, there are subtle but important differences between them both.
In many ways, machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence. Also, the term AI is older than machine learning.
What’s the difference?
At its heart, artificial intelligence involves the attempt to make machines think in the way humans do. The famous Turing test says that a system can be said to be intelligent if a human judge cannot distinguish the system’s behaviour from that of a human. However, current technology is far off achieving this, so artificial intelligence at the moment simply means creating systems that are good at doing what humans are good at. It is a catch-all term.
Machine learning also harks back to the middle of the twentieth century. Arthur Samuel defined machine learning as “the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed”.